Extracurricular Meeting

January 28 | 2022

A new study explains why teachers do not like to take part in the management of the university.

Katerina Guba

 

Photo: Often teachers became disillusioned and stop participating in discussions. (Photo by Ion Fet on Unsplash)

 

Should a Teacher Be a Manager?

Teachers around the world complain that they are forced to spend their time on all kinds of meetings of academic councils and commissions. Time that could be devoted to research and teaching is being spent evaluating candidates elected to professorships or drafting regulations for professors’ awards.

However, attempts to outsource this work to managers usually cause only protests. Teachers are expected to participate in such meetings and, on the basis of their unique experiences, propose solutions. These solutions will then be executed by the administration.

Moreover, the broad participation of teachers in the management of the university is considered a necessary “ingredient” of a research university. This “ingredient” is especially important for Russian universities, which are only at the beginning of a long road leading to their transformation into world-class institutions.

Universities have just started opening research centers and laboratories, hiring new researchers, and launching international educational programs. All this requires individual plans of action, the success of which will largely depend on the support of teachers.

The university administration does not have many tools at its disposal because if you are not personally involved in a process, it is not easy to figure out whether teachers are only sabotaging changes or have weighty reasons. It is assumed that the participation of teachers in management will reduce the risks of sabotage.

However, our study discussing the case of a Russian university that participated in Project 5-100 shows that management is possible without teachers’ involvement.

 

Who Should the Members of the Academic Council Be?

We expected that the path to university transformation would change the membership of the Academic Council by giving a significant role to heads of laboratories and scientific centers, who are entrusted with the research mission of the university. At a Russian university, it is within the Academic Council and its commissions that teachers can take part in discussions and decision-making.

At the university under study, it was proposed that the heads of scientific centers be included in the Academic Council, but no such decision was ever taken.

In 2015, when the university was actively changing, so too was the composition of the Academic Council. However, the Council remained dominated by the “establishment”—deans of faculties and heads of administrative departments.

Only 10% of the heads of laboratories and centers became members of the Council. Moreover, almost all of those who did entered the Council due to their position as deans or vice-rectors.

 

Ad Hoc Discussions

Instead of official platforms, the administration launched strategic sessions and supported the creation of expert groups. Dozens of teachers took part in their work—we estimated that at least 200 people were involved. Crucially, they included not only the heads of laboratories but also ordinary teachers. Doctors of science made up one-third of the members, while employees in high managerial positions comprised only a quarter of the total.

However, teachers quickly became disillusioned and stopped responding to invitations to take part in discussions or once again hear the results of the expert group.

Probably the main reason for this is such groups’ and sessions’ lack of formal powers. They often worked in parallel with the official commissions and administrative departments, which did not always feel obliged to take the expert groups’ work into account.

Hence, such discussions rarely brought about visible results. New ideas either were not introduced at all or changed dramatically when administrators took them up.

 

Informal Contacts Are More Effective than Formal Meetings

The new discussion platforms forced teachers to meet more frequently with the administrative staff. This experience showed that they looked at many issues in completely different ways.

Teachers described the work of the university administration as follows:

“You’ve built a concrete wall, you’ve stretched out barbed wire, a little more, and we’re going to wait for you to pass a current through it.”

The head of a laboratory assessed the feasibility of a project as extremely low. This came after a representative of the administrative office joined the discussion:

“Our scientific management is a structure that has nothing to do with science. It is a structure to produce paperwork, not science.”

Heads of scientific centers say that personal contacts with the administrative apparatus are more effective than official meetings with them. Formal meetings may allow them to convey their point of view, but the same can be achieved through an informal meeting.

Changing the situation through formal platforms requires great effort: you can raise a problem for discussion and then take part in this discussion, but this does not help to accomplish a resulting goal. For the head of a department, informal contacts reduce these costs.

That being said, the university is more likely to lose out when informal modes of decision-making dominate.

 

Big Goals—Big Requirements

The “restructuring” of the university and the accomplishment of quick results often require complex decisions that teachers can hardly be expected to support.

It is obvious that not all faculties will recommend cutting funding or even downsizing a structural body. This can occur only if teachers themselves are deeply concerned about the effectiveness of university development—and consider themselves responsible for its achievements on a par with the administration that signs the development roadmaps. This situation is typical of   the U.S. academic system, where the prestige of the university and of the individual faculty is important for teachers.

In Russian universities, teachers do not always support big goals. For them, the transformation process means new requirements.

Under such circumstances, it is easier for the administration to take on decisions related to the allocation of financial resources without involving the Academic Council and commissions. Elected professors and researchers may be part of the loyal circle of the administration and participate in discussions, but this occurs beyond official platforms.

 

* * *

Greater participation of teachers in management is unlikely to be supported by universities, which are given enormous goals and must achieve them in the shortest possible time.

 

Katerina Guba is the Director of the Center of Institutional Analysis of Science and Education at the European University at St. Petersburg.

Conference

School of Entrepreneurship and Innovation, Almaty Management University

Almaty, 31 October 2 November 2024

 

Academic freedom is a cornerstone of scholarly and research activities worldwide. The globalization of higher education and science necessitates a shared understanding of academic freedom principles globally, particularly in Eurasian countries. Despite the universality of academic freedom, the commitment to its protection and promotion varies and is shaped by the intricate interplay of legal, socio-political, and cultural contexts. A country’s legal regulations and policy frameworks significantly impact how the protection and promotion of academic freedom are understood and implemented.

The quality of democracy and freedom protection in a country also affects the level of academic freedom there. This effect is evident in the rapid challenges all political systems face, such as managerialism and consumerism in higher education. It is even more pronounced in undemocratic regimes with breaches of institutional autonomy and ideologization of higher education.

Equally striking is how the global academy interprets academic freedom when it encounters local traditions that are not universally democratic. In this regard, the operation of campuses of leading universities in authoritarian countries and the debates about the principles and conditions of their operation deserve additional interest.

These observable diversities raise the question of whether global academic freedom can be discussed as a universal concept and how to distinguish the diversity of academic freedom manifestations from aberrations. It also raises the question of how to protect and promote academic freedom as a principle while considering the legal, socio-economic, and cultural contexts in which it is practiced.

For a conference exploring the complexities of academic freedom in a global context, with a particular focus on Eurasian countries, here are some potential topics that could be addressed:

  • The cultural and social context of academic freedom in practice, the contextualization of academic freedom, its cultural and political interpretations, and the universality of academic freedom.
  • Academic freedom in democratic vs. authoritarian regimes, the balance between the social-economic dimension of academic freedom and political rights’ dimension,
  • Legal framework of academic freedom, comparative analyses of legislation, the impact of legal tradition on the application of academic freedom in different countries,
  • Globalization and academic freedom, including academic freedom on international campuses, academic exchange, and academic freedom strategies for maintaining academic standards and freedom in diverse political landscapes.
  • Managerialism and academic freedom, balance between financial sustainability and scholarly independence. Academic integrity and academic freedom
  • Effect of the social and political crises for the academic freedom, academic freedom for persecuted scholars: issues and supports of the scholars in exile
  • Ethnic and moral considerations in upholding academic freedom, including ethical dilemmas scholars faced due to the conflict between national and international academic standards.

The conference is organized by CISRus (Center for Independent Social Research) with generous support of Almaty Management University (AlmaU) and in information partnership with Ghent University.

The conference will be conducted in English. We welcome applications for individual contributions, which should include the title, a brief description (up to 200 words), and a short academic biography of the presenter (approximately 100 words). Presentations will be organized in either thematic panels or roundtable discussions. The organizing committee reserves the right to determine the presentation format (panel or round table) for each selected participant.

Please send your applications to the email: freeacademia.conference@gmail.com

 

Application Deadline: July 25, 2024

The Conference Committee is ready to provide accommodation for all participants for the days of the conference and has some capacity to contribute to the ticket costs as well. Please indicate your need for accommodation and travel expenses with your application.

 

The conference committee:

Dmitry Dubrovsky (Research Scholar, Department of Social Science, Charles University; Professor, Free University)

 Aleksandr Vileikis (Professor, School of entrepreneurship and innovation, AlmaU)

Elizaveta Potapova (Senior Researcher, Public Policy and Management Institute, Lithuania)

Irina Olimpieva (Director CISRus, Research Professor at the Institute for European, Russian and Eurasian Studies, George Washington University)

 

About AlmaU:

Almaty Management University – is a world-class, entrepreneurial, socially responsible university. More than 35 years in the education market, the oldest private university in the country, the 1st business school of the Republic of Kazakhstan, a pioneer of business education in the CIS.

The School of Entrepreneurship and Innovation (SEI) is a leading and internationally accredited (BGA&AMBA) entrepreneurship school with a commitment to excellence, innovation, and global perspective. SEI AlmaU offers a range of cutting-edge entrepreneurship programs designed to prepare students for successful careers in diverse fields.

 

Information for traveling:

Kazakhstan has adopted a policy allowing dozens of countries to enter without a visa. Please contact your local Kazakhstani embassy for further details. For guests who may require a visa, AlmaU will issue a letter of invitation confirming their participation in the conference. Participants will also receive information about housing and traveling to Almaty.

 

Біз сіздермен Алматыда кездесуді асыға күтеміз !

We are looking forward to meeting you in Almaty!

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